Vivid remains of crucifixion- via Ferrell Jenkins

Ferrell's Travel Blog

The Romans were adept at crucifixion, according to many historical sources. The first archaeological evidence of crucifixion was uncovered in 1978 [1968; see comments] when an ossuary (bone box, or receptacle) was found north of Jerusalem containing the bones of a man who had been crucified. His name was “Yehohanan, the son of Hagakol.” He is thought to have been between 24 and 28 years of age, and was about 5 feet 6 inches in height.

Both the ossuary and a replica of the heel bone are displayed in the Israel Museum. When Yehohanan was removed from the cross the nail pulled away from the wood.

On Pentecost, Peter proclaimed the truth about Jesus. He said,

This man was handed over to you by God’s deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross. (Acts 2:23 NIV)

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A HYMN FOR TODAY – Hark! Ten Thousand Voices Sounding


Hark! Ten thousand voices sounding,
Far and wide throughout the sky;
‘Tis the voice of joy abounding:
Jesus lives no more to die.

Jesus lives, His conflict over,
Lives to claim His great reward;
Angels ’round the Victor hover,
Crowding to behold their Lord.

Yonder throne for Him erected
Now becomes the Victor’s seat;
Lo, the Man on earth rejected,
Angels worship at His feet!

All the pow’rs of heav’n adore Him;
All obey His sovereign word;
Day and night they cry before Him,
“Holy, Holy, Holy Lord!” – Thomas Kelly, 1806

Tune: SUSSEX (English Folk Melody)
arr. Ralph Vaughan Williams, 1906

#256 in Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs

New Archaeological Journal from Penn State

Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies Covers

Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies

    • Ann E. Killebrew
    • Sandra A. Scham
    • Quarterly Publication
    • ISSN 2166-3548
    • E-ISSN 2166-3556

Click here for a look at the lead article from the inaugural issue, ‘Preserving Petra Sustainably (One Step at a Time)’!

Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology Heritage Studies (JEMAHS) is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to traditional, anthropological, social, and applied archaeologies of the Eastern Mediterranean, encompassing both prehistoric and historic periods. The journal’s geographic range spans three continents and brings together, as no academic periodical has done before, the archaeologies of Greece and the Aegean, Anatolia, the Levant, Cyprus, Egypt and North Africa.

As the publication will not be identified with any particular archaeological discipline, the editors invite articles from all varieties of professionals who work on the past cultures of the modern countries bordering the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Similarly, a broad range of topics are covered, including, but by no means limited to:

  • Excavation and survey field results;
  • Landscape archaeology and GIS;
  • Underwater archaeology;
  • Archaeological sciences and archaeometry;
  • Material culture studies;
  • Ethnoarchaeology;
  • Social archaeology;
  • Conservation and heritage studies;
  • Cultural heritage management;
  • Sustainable tourism development: and
  • New technologies/virtual reality.

Appearing four times a year in February, May, August, and November, the journal will engage with professionals and scholars of archaeology and heritage studies as well as non-practitioners and students, both graduate and undergraduate.

In addition to combining traditional and theoretical archaeological data and interpretation, the Journal’s articles may range from early to prehistory to recent historical time periods. It also aims to publish accessible, jargon-free, readable, color-illustrated articles that will be informative for professional and non-professional readers. The journal does not publish unprovenanced artifacts purchased on the antiquities market or objects from private collections.

Ann E. Killebrew, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park (USA)
Sandra A. Scham, University of Maryland, College Park (USA)

Assistant Editors
Justin Lev-Tov, Statistical Research, Inc. (USA)
Louise A. Hitchcock, University of Melbourne (Australia)

Book Review Editor
Brandon R. Olson, Boston University (USA)

Editorial Assistant
Heather Heidrich, The Pennsylvania State University (USA)

Editorial and Advisory Board
Lorenzo d’Alfonso, Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York University (USA)
Jere L. Bacharach, University of Washington (USA)
Hanan Charaf, University of Paris I-Sorbonne (France)
Yiorgos Chrysanthou, University of Cyprus (Cyprus)
Eric H. Cline, George Washington University (USA)
Elif Denel, American Research Institute in Turkey, Ankara (Turkey)
Hermann Genz, American University of Beirut (Lebanon)
Ioannis Georganas, Independent Researcher (Greece)
Matthew Harpster, Institute of Nautical Archaeology, Bodrum (Turkey)
Kenneth G. Holum, University of Maryland at College Park (USA)
Morag Kersel, DePaul University (USA)
Saleh Lamei, D.G. Centre for Conservation of Islamic Architectural Heritage – CIAH (Egypt)
Mark Leone, University of Maryland at College Park (USA)
Thomas E. Levy, University of California at San Diego (USA)
Lynn Meskell, Stanford University (USA)
Mirko Novák, University of Bern (Switzerland)
Mark Munn, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park (USA)
Shelley-Anne Peleg, Israel Antiquities Authority (Israel)
Issa Jubrael Sarie, Al-Quds University (Jerusalem)
Neil A. Silberman, University of Massachusetts Amherst (USA)
Stuart Tyson Smith, University of California at Santa Barbara (USA)
Sharon R. Steadman, SUNY Cortland (USA)
Margreet Steiner, Independent Scholar (Netherlands)
Christopher A. Tuttle, American Center of Oriental Research (Jordan)
Stephen Weiner, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel)
James M. Weinstein, Cornell University (USA)
Donald Whitcomb, University of Chicago (USA)
Tony J. Wilkinson, Durham University (United Kingdom)

Florida College Lecture Books – Pre-Publication by Logos

Take advantage of this Logos pre-publication offer to make these volumes available!

Ferrell's Travel Blog

Yesterday I explained a little about Logos Bible Software and their Community Pricing and Pre-publication Specials. Today I want to tell you about a set of Pre-pub books that are of special interest to me.

Florida College is an accredited (by the Southern Association) private liberal arts college that for decades has offered four years of Bible studies. The college does not accept funds from churches, but the board, administration and faculty are members of Churches of Christ that are often designated as non-instiutional.

Accreditation as a junior college was granted to Florida College in the mid-1950s, but the college continued to offer four years of Bible studies. Biblical Studies was the first accredited Bachelor’s degree to be offered in 1997.

Since its beginning in 1946, Florida College (earlier named Florida Christian College) conducted an annual Bible lecture program. Beginning in 1974 the main lessons in these lectureships…

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A HYMN FOR TODAY – O Christ, Eternal Son of God


O Christ, eternal Son of God,
The Lamb for sinners slain,
We worship while Your head is bowed
In agony and pain.

None tread with You the holy place;
You suffer there alone;
Yours is the perfect sacrifice
Which only can atone.

O great High Priest, Your glory robes
Are hid where none can see,
And human sorrows, Son of Man,
Have cloaked Your deity.

The cross is sharp, but of Your woes
This is the lighter part;
It is our sin that pierces You
And breaks Your sacred heart.

Who love You most will seek Your cross
And there will long abide;
Now make that cross our only hope,
O Jesus, crucified.

CM – William C. Dix, 1864

Tune: YORK – Hart’s Psalms of David, 1615

#226, Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs, 2012

Footnote 13 – Martin Hengel, Crucifixion in the Ancient World and the Folly of the Message of the Cross

Footnote 13 – Martin Hengel, Crucifixion in the Ancient World and the Folly of the Message of the Cross (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977),  pp. 83, 87, 89-90.

        “When Paul spoke…about the ‘crucified Christ,’ every hearer in the Greek-speaking East…knew that this ‘Christ’ …had suffered a particularly cruel and shameful death, which as a rule   was reserved for hardened criminals, rebellious slaves, and rebels against  the Roman state.”    

      “That this crucified Jew, Jesus Christ, could truly be a divine being sent on earth, God’s son, the Lord of all and the coming judge of the world, must inevitably have been thought of by any educated man to be utter ‘madness’ and presumptuousness.”

     “By the public display of a naked victim in a prominent place – at a crossroads,  in the theater, on high ground, at the place of his crime – crucifixion also represented his utmost humiliation…  With Deuteronomy 21:23 in the background, the Jew in particular was very aware of this.”                       

     “When Paul talks of the ‘folly’ of the message of the crucified Jesus, he   is therefore not speaking in riddles   or using an abstract cipher…he deliberately wants to provoke his opponents, who are attempting to water down the offence caused by  the cross.”                       

      “Thus in a way the ‘word of the cross’ is the spearhead of his message…it  is impossible to dissociate talk of the atoning death of Jesus or the blood  of Jesus from this ‘word of the cross.’  The spearhead cannot be broken off the spear.”                            

Hebrews 12:2 – Fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.     NASB

 Hebrews 13:13 – Let us, then, go to him outside the camp, bearing the disgrace he bore.  NIV

Acts 5:41– So they went on their way from the presence of the Council, rejoicing that they had been considered worthy to suffer shame for His name.   NASB

1 Peter 2:6– Because it is contained in scripture, Behold, I lay in Zion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: And he that believeth on him shall not be put to shame.   ASV        

A HYMN FOR TODAY – Ah, Holy Jesus


Ah, holy Jesus, how have You offended,
That mortal judgment has on You descended?
By foes derided, by Your own rejected,
O most afflicted.

Who was the guilty? Who brought this upon You?
It is my treason, Lord, that has undone You.
‘Twas I, Lord Jesus, I it was denied You;
I crucified You.

Lo, the Good Shepherd for the sheep is offered;
The slave has sinned, and yet the Son has suffered
For my atonement, though I nothing heeded,
God interceded.

For me, kind Jesus, was Your incarnation,
Your mortal sorrow and Your life’s oblation,
Your death of anguish and Your bitter passion,
For my salvation.

Therefore, dear Jesus, since I cannot pay You,
I do adore You, and will ever pray You,
Think on Your pity and Your love unswerving,
Not my deserving. – Johann Heermann, 1630

trans. Robert S. Bridges, 1899

Tune: HERZLIEBSTER JESU – Johann Crueger, 1640

#228 in Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs, 2012

Great post about a super electronic resource!

Ferrell's Travel Blog

Logos Bible Software has a feature called Community Pricing. It works like this. A book (or set) is chosen for publication. Interested persons are asked to place a bid on the completed digital publication. When there are enough bids to pay for publication the book is published. After the initial publication, the price goes up. I have purchased many Logos publications using Community Pricing and Pre-Publication Specials.

To use the Community Pricing or Pre-Pub specials you must already have Logos (or the older Libronix) on your computer. You may purchase a base package from Logos (here), or buy a relatively inexpensive set of books from someone like Rejoice Christian Software. I suggestion you buy something like the  Baker New Testament Commentary ($79.95 here), the Norman Geisler Apologetics CD-Rom Library ($29.95 here), or one of the other great specials they offer.

thompson_land-and-the-bookHere is a Community…

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Cracker Barrel’s Version of American History

One blog I follow is Hankering for History at which recently included a post about “an article from The Atlantic. The article, Cracker Barrel’s Oddly Authentic Version of American History, is an informative piece about Cracker Barrel, the institution of the general store, and the importance of Cracker Barrel’s acquisition of antiques. When you stop in your local Cracker Barrel, it is impossible to miss the large collection of apparent knickknacks. However, to my disbelief, these knickknacks are authentic antiques. Here is an excerpt from the article. I suggest reading the article in its entirety.


The antiques, according to [Cracker Barrel], are real ones. They come from across the U.S. to the Cracker Barrel Decor Warehouse in Lebanon, Tennessee. The company has a mock restaurant that it uses to plan the decor of every single location; designers arrange the elements for each new store in a way that looks right, make a plan (with photographs) for where the objects should go, and send it off with those objects to the new location.

The New York Times reported in 2002 that the restaurants’ demand for old objects had grown so much that American antique dealers were struggling to source them.

So maybe next time you are in a Cracker Barrel, take the opportunity to look around and check out the antiques that adorn the restaurant’s wall.

Read more:

Footnote 12 – History of Hymns – Steve Wolfgang

Click to access wolfgang.pdf

Since my lecture at Faulkner University a few weeks ago, I have received several inquiries about an article I wrote several years back, surveying the history of hymns and hymnals, especially have they hve influence hymnody in the “Restoration Movement.”  Since I have posted this reference on several other sites and FB pages, why not put it on my own? As with any human endeavor, it has some errors and other flaws, and stands in need of revision.  But it will have to do for now.